"Historische und andere Erlebnisse aus drei Jahrhunderten"|
The Texan Bluchers (Lebrecht v. Blücher)
This book presents the fascinating and versatile life of the Texan pioneer Anton Felix von Blücher, wo immigrated from Berlin/Germany in 1844. The complete English text of the treaty with the Comanche and the Delaware Indians of 1847, which he signed, as well as the contract on Blucherville/Corpus Christi of 1849 are included. The lives of his descendants up to now are described. A genealogical table covering six generations is attached. An index makes the content easily accessible.
In English, 68 p. ( 8" by 5"), 15 figs., 2 genealogical tables, hardcover, EURO 16.60, ISBN 3-934249-00-0
The Texan Bluchers |
In 1844, in the early days of Texas, a young German emigrated from Prussia to America. As pioneer of Texas, Anton Felix von Blücher founded a tradition in land surveying. His descendants provided surveyors for Texas for several generations culminating in the 'Conrad Blucher Institute for Surveying', a donation to the Texas A&M University of Corpus Christi.
Besides the interesting life of Anton Felix, the complete text of the treaty of May 9, 1847 with the Comanche Indians, and the genealogical particulars of all his descendants to the present day are set forth in this booklet.
1. Anton Felix (XIX, *1819) and his Family
Arriving in America in 1844, Anton Felix Hans Helmuth v. Blücher first worked at a shipyard in New Orleans for some months as a designer. On this occasion he changed his name into the abbreviated and reversed form of Felix Anton Blucher. In 1845 he came to Texas. He worked as an interpreter, engineer, and surveyor for Prince Karl v. Solms-Braunfels in the German settlement of Neu-Braunfels. Soon after Texas became member of the American Union, the American-Mexican war started in 1846. Baron Ottfried Hans v. Meusebach took command in the besieged Neu-Braunfels. Anton Felix supported him in his capacity as an engineer and interpreter. He accompanied him to the negotiations with the Comanche Indians and, as one of six Texans, signed the peace treaty on May 9, 1847, in Fredericksburg which was intended to give safety to the German settlers in the region between the rivers San Saba and Llano. As none of the Indian chiefs could write, they signed with a mark. Anton Felix is said to have drawn pictures of the Indian chiefs. The treaty is written in German and in English (Ch.16). It has returned to Austin, Texas after being located and bought in Europe in 1970. Later on, Anton Felix served as interpreter with General Winfield Scott until the war during which he attained the rank of major and traveled as far as Mexico City. The war ended in 1848 with the peace of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Anton Felix then decided to settle in Corpus Christi.
On March 10, 1849, in Berlin he married Maria Imme, born on September 25, 1827, in Berlin. She was the daughter of the well-to-do brass manufacturer Karl Friedrich Imme and his first wife Marie Auguste, born Kroll. Karl (Charles) F. H. v. Blücher, Anton Felix's son described how they came to America:
"... He and his bride and several others who wished to come to the United States chartered a 300-ton ship and were provided a nondescript crew. The voyage was not the smoothest, for a terrific storm overtook them in the English channel. Their sailing master was blown overboard and drowned, and they were left at sea without a guiding hand. Felix Blucher volunteered to manage the ship, and he succeded in guiding it across the ocean and the gulf to New Orleans, where they landed. From New Orleans he and his wife sailed for Corpus Christi ..."
Conrad Meuly v. Blücher (XXI) was born on June 20, 1885, in Corpus Christi. He graduated from the University of Texas. He was a civil engineer and surveyor in Texas and took over from his father in 1934. For 20 years he was the surveyor for Nueces County. Thus, for an unbroken period of 102 years, members of the Blücher family held the position of Nueces County Surveyor. Later, Conrad entered private business. He was one of the first to make use of aerial photographs. After every storm he examined the changes the wind and waves had made to the coastline. Surveying was always an important part of his life.
On October 1, 1938, in Corpus Christi, Conrad married Zula Estelle Hill, born on May 30, 1892, in Grandview, Texas. She was the daughter of James Hill and his wife Estelle.
In 1967, Conrad was named "Surveyor of the Year" by the Texas Surveyor Association. He died in Corpus Christi on March 30, 1977. Zula died on March 13, 1985, also in Corpus Christi.
Before Conrad's death, he and Zula had donated their beautiful home on Ocean Drive in Corpus Christi, including many of historical mementos, to the University of Texas-Corpus Christi. This gift was the foundation of the 'Conrad Blucher Institute for Surveying and Science', which includes the Chair of Surveying in his name. This is located at Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi.